Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Concession at Glastonbury Festival

Presentation Glastonbury celebration Of Contemporary Performing Art is one of the most known concerts on the planet. The celebration it self partakes in commendable homestead which is a dairy ranch during the year; is in the locale of Somerset which is arranged in southwest England. The celebration from 1981 has been composed by the neighborhood rancher and site proprietor Michael Eavis (Martin, 2009). Micheal Eavis is additionally the proprietor of Glastonbury Festival LTD the organization that is accountable for the association and the dispersion of the differs concessions around the occasion site. Philip m. , 2013) Since 2002 celebration republic which is an organization that comprise in the converging of (live Nation and MCD) deals with the dealing with the calculated, security, and 40% of the concessionary stakes in the celebration. (stroke, 2013). Food and drink slows down Concession for the slow down and Glastonbury have a totally different kind of cost contingent upon the siz e and what the slow down his selling. There are two sorts of slow down An average sells food and drink and is set at ? 1000 every day outside the occasions refer to. Furthermore, 2500? f is inside the occasion refer to. Additionally the proprietor of the slow down must agree to the guidelines with respect to the waste administration and water the board. A Stand needs to do a speculation of ? 4000 to have is slow down with the correct guidelines. (Bodwin, 2008) But once the stands have given the concession the proprietor can make a generally excellent measure of cash. The concessions for the stand are no different however as a rule if your stand is increasingly green, ecological and elective, the less expensive the lease will be in could go down to ? 00 to non like a slow down had some expertise in dairy cultivating items. (Murray, 2009) There are around 800 slows down, which they been discharge the concessions to sell their items during Glastonbury Festival. (Lee, 2010) The bars at Glastonbury Concert is arrange by Workers Beer Company which is support via Carlsberg the renting that hello provide for add to the celebration is around ? 500. 000 (Wanddworthy, 2012) Goods and administrations slows down A sort B slow down sells any kinds of good and administrations that can be need it during the occasion. This can shift from Tabaco affiliate, to Tend fixing ssistant, books, papers, contraptions, banners and liquor. For this stands Festival republic is in control on giving them explicit standards and guidelines with respect to the Concessions. The standard cost is likewise set from ? 1000 to a limit of ? 3000 there is an alternative that the proprietor of the slow down could embrace and is that to band together with one of the supporters of Glastonbury like; Oxfam, Water Aid and green harmony is to give some portion of the slow down cash to there Couse and they will be prepared to pay for there slow down lease for all the occasion. Bands inside Glastonbury festival The stopping of the trains is acknowledged yet just on the out skirts of the occasion. Glastonbury celebration LTD discharges upon demand a troop concession however they have to follow explicit criteria’s: Each individual entering must have an end of the week Festival ticket holder. What's more, this concession may be discharge if the ticket more seasoned will rest in the vehicles and have a fitted dozing and cooking offices. The expense of this exceptional concession given to the convoys is of ? 85 for the whole occasion. There is a decrease of the cost for genuinely tested people.Which is ? 65 that is likewise legitimate for all the occasion time. Every vehicle is permitted to have one vehicle however there is an extra leaving ticket of ? 20 for every vehicle. (Philip m. , 2013) Pre Erected tend help Since Glastonbury celebration LTD comprehends that outdoors is one of the most diversion and leaving things of the celebration. Not every person would have a tend so they have discharge an admission to Argos to lease keeps an eye on who might wish to lease them. This is an excellent open door for business for Argos however they have to pay to Glastonbury Festival ? 100. 00 so as to have the authorization to raise there tends inside the outdoors refers to. The ticket holders then they can without much of a stretch lease a tend inside an Argos story or purchase calling a hotline. The cost for leasing of the tend carefully relies upon the inhabitance of individuals Inside it. For a standard 2 man Cloud House is ? 300 for 5 evenings and those are the most well known and they will in general rat rapidly. At that point there the pick of a 4 man ringer ten which accompanies an expense of ? 500. For the greatest tend that can hold 8 individuals inside which is an arch tent is ? 00 for 5 evenings. Argos have around 7. 000 will in general rent and the get all sold out. (Philip m. , 2013) Electrical Power and stages Mr Michael Eavis is famouse for Glastonbury Festiv al of contemporary Arts for his capacity to make an occasion that is one of a kind for the business since his practically 70% reasonable (Philip M. , Our-green. approaches, 2013) Eavis’ have introduced 1,116 sun based boards which have been introduced on the top of the cowshed. The 1. 500-section of land site viably will carry the Glastonbury celebration to be has biologically as possible.The sun oriented force vitality well produce around 200 diesel-controlled generators and will have the option to create enough electrical capacity to ensure than beyond what one band can play, The sound frameworks on location have an all out intensity of 650,000 watts, with the principle stage having 250 speakers. Likewise the food-and-drink providers will have the option to work there slows down when the lights of the day will go down. (Morris, 2010). Mr Eavis have given the admission to assemble such framework in his homestead to SOLAR PANEL UK with the coordinated effort of Greenpeace.The gauge speculation in addition to the consent to introduce such foundation was about ? 40m. (UK, 2012) The undertaking is significant in light of the fact that the name of sun based board will turn out to be a piece of the official patron for the celebration. Additionally green harmonies get the opportunity to advance appropriateness in the UK. Sun based board gets given 25% of the produced using the show. End Glastonbury Festival of execution of contemporary expressions is a build up occasion. Has been running for more than 40 years. What's more, consistently them appear to improve in numerous viewpoints

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Learning in the Early Years Essay -- Papers Child Psychology

Learning in the Early Years This task distinguishes they key thoughts and work of Margaret McMillan, Maria Montession, Rudolph Steiner and Fredrich Froebel. To examine how those early instructors have impacted current early years practice and to recognize to manners by which current arrangement and practice is impacted by crafted by the early instructors. Margaret McMillan (1860 - 1931) Margaret McMillan had faith in dynamic learning through direct encounters and underlined emotions and connections aswel as physical parts of development and learning. She accepted that kids become entire individuals through play. She thought play causes them to apply what they know and comprehend. Margaret McMillan accentuated the significance of a nearby association with guardians: she supported guardians to create nearby their youngsters. Her most significant accomplishment is to have been depicted as the 'adoptive parent' of school dinners and the school clinical administrations. She accepted that kids can't learn on the off chance that they are undernourished, inadequately dressed, wiped out and so on. To be depicted as the 'adoptive parent' Margaret McMillan started a battle to improve the strength of kids by contending that nearby specialists ought to introduce washrooms, improve ventilation and gracefully free school dinners, in the long run the House of Commons became persuaded that ravenous youngsters can't learn and passed the 1906 Provision of School Meals Act. Margaret McMillan spearheaded nursery schools, which she saw as an augmentation of, not a substitute for home and as networks in themselves. She accentuated the estimation of outdoors and presented gardens for families to play and investigate. Margaret McMill... ...ctice is Friedrich Froebel. Most standard early year's arrangement in the UK depends on Froebelian standards. Youngsters' advancement is empowered through arrangement of a wide range of materials and exercises custom fitted to the necessities of the person youngster. The present best practice underscores Friedrich Froebel's convictions that imagination, science and the humanities are significant, these are presently coordinated across educational plan zones. Friedrich Froebel permitted youngsters to utilize the 'Endowments' and 'Occupations' as they wished, with out having to do set undertakings of the sort that grown-ups as a rule asked of them. In the current practice this is known as free-stream play, this happens for an normal of 80% of a kid's day at nursery. Book reference  · Class Worksheets.  · Nolan.Y (2002) BTEC National Early Years, Oxford, Heinemann.

Saturday, August 15, 2020

The value of time

The value of time Imagine there is a bank that credits your account each morning with $86,400.It carries over no balance from day to day. Every evening deletes whatever part of the balance you failed to use during the day.What would you do? Draw out every cent, of course!!!Each of us has such a bank. Its name is TIME.Every morning, it credits you with 86,400 seconds. Every night it writes off, as lost, whatever of this you have failed to invest to good purpose. It carries over no balance. It allows no overdraft. Each day it opens a new account for you. Each night it burns the remains of the day. If you fail to use the day’s deposits, the loss is yours.There is no going back. There is no drawing against the “tomorrow”. You must live in the present on today’s deposits. Invest it so as to get from it the utmost in health, happiness, and success!The clock is running. Make the most of today.To realize the value of one year, ask a student who has failed his final exam. To realize the value of one m onth, ask the parent of a premature baby.To realize the value of one week, ask the editor of a weekly newspaper.To realize the value of one day, ask a daily wage laborer who has a large family to feed.To realize the value of one hour, ask lovers who are waiting to meet.To realize the value of one minute, ask a person who has missed the train, the bus, or a plane.To realize the value of one second, ask a person who has survived an accident.To realize the value of one millisecond, ask the person who has won a silver medal at the Olympics.Treasure every moment that you have! And treasure it more because you shared it with someone special, special enough to spend your time. And remember that time waits for no one.Author Unknown

Sunday, May 24, 2020

Employees And Managers And Workplace Transition Guide

MANAGERS GUIDE TO GENDER TRANSITION The Defence Guide for Commanders and Managers and Workplace Transition Guide is an excellent start for how you can create an inclusive environment for transgender people, and supporting people who are transitioning gender. Transgender people are often fearful about letting others know that they have gender dysphoria, or may be undergoing gender transition. This can stem from what may seem like a harmless joke in the workplace, to broader vilification, hatred and bullying. Undergoing realignment is a very personal matter because it affects a person’s body. As a commander / manager, it is important that you make a commitment to keep the matter private until your subordinate is ready to disclose their†¦show more content†¦A member may seek out and question their gender identity for a variety of reasons. They may have lived for a long or short period of time experiencing concern or distress about their bodies and sex at birth. A member may seek out other transgender personnel to compare what they are feeling with the experiences of others. The process of questioning, seeking out more information, comparing themselves to others to may have been in a similar situation, and/or seeking medical or mental health advice are all elements that may form part of a person coming to the realisation that their gender identity is not matched to their sex at birth. In many cases this causes a person anxiety, stress, distress or other health issues. This could be the result of feeling like a person is living a lie and is not able to be genuine with those around them. A specialist medical practitioner is typically consulted, and a person who experiences these symptoms should consult with a medical practitioner for further advice. A specialist medical practitioner is able to provide a diagnosis of gender dysphoria and explore treatment options with transgender people. Realignment. Realignment contains the efforts associated with treating a person who has been diagnosed with gender dysphoria. Not every transgender person undergoes realignment because there are risks that each individual needs to consider. Realignment is a complex process that is different for each individual and may take a few months, or

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Artificial Intelligence During The World Today - 855 Words

Artificial Intelligence in The World Today The 19th and 20th Centuries came in a wave of technological advances that have become intertwined in humanity. Smartphones are the most commonly used technology that contain artificial intelligence today. Artificial intelligence continues to advance and expand surpassing the aspiring ideas from the 1920’s. Artificial Intelligence has a strong impact on the future. In fact, IBM’s â€Å"question answering machine† (Markoff 212), Watson, confirmed the advances of AI by defeating two champion players on the television show Jeapordy! Watson, brought to light the prospect of â€Å"a world in which intelligent machines will understand and respond to humans†. However, not all critics were inspired by Watson. â€Å"Watson is an early sighting of a highly disruptive force.† (Baker 218) Regardless of the mixed reviews following Watsons victory, IBM alongside other research companies, are already working on reproducing Watsons analysis capabilities in forms that could be used in pharmacies or laboratories to benefit society. On the other hand, a human brain analyses information differently than a computer. The human brain not only interprets the information given but the situation as well. The result of this is reaching a sensible conclusion. â€Å"Only a fool will persist in adhering to a rule or set of directives when its application is clearly counter intuitive and even disastrous.† (Fish 217) However, â€Å"Consciousness, the machine process that goes on inShow MoreRelatedThe Age Of Artificial Intelligence1418 Words   |  6 PagesJennie Nguyen Ms.Decker Honors English IV 24 Sept. 2015 The Age of Artificial Intelligence â€Å"Intelligence is described as the ability to adapt to new environments and situations and being able to understand consequences and effects that your actions cause. This is something that all living creatures have in some way or another. Animals can adapt to their environments and react to interference, and plants do the same. Human intelligence, however, is in an entirely different ball park. 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Art and How It Effects the Geographical Free Essays

In today’s world the question of what is art is one that most people would have mixed responses and views on. This may be due to the rise of technology, specifically the dependence of the internet on people’s everyday lives. The idea of Art seems to get lost in today’s world and newer generations have distanced themselves from art. We will write a custom essay sample on Art and How It Effects the Geographical or any similar topic only for you Order Now There once was such a heavily reliance and dependence on art in people’s everyday lives but with time this has slowly started to fade. In the Merriam-Webster’s Online Dictionary there are sixty eight definitions for ‘Art’. The definition that many people associate with or people with some knowledge about art tend to use from the Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary is that it is something produced as an artistic effort or for decorative purposes. Another definition for art from the same dictionary is the conscious use of skill and creative imagination especially in the production of aesthetic objects. Many people interpret art in many different ways. This is very evident in today’s society with regards to people and relating what they are practicing, believing or doing to a form of art. This may be controversial in some cases which, over time have led to there being many conflicts and wars over such issues relating back to art. Famous pieces of art have been created over time, by famous artists who have shaped the world of art of today. Lobbyist groups, culture groups and other parties have formed over time and have used different forms of art to come together to promote awareness to their group or cause. Political involvement in the Art’s sector is something that over time has become an issue for some people who do not agree with how money is being allocated for the arts. In some cases how the government handles situations in relation to the Arts and funding is questioned sometimes because some people feel like they are not being cared for or assisted. As discussed in the article Lobbying for Arts and Culture by Jason Hall, during the 1970s, arts and culture lobbying became a bigger issue at the federal level. It was during this time that the National Endowments for the Arts and Humanities (NEA and NEH) and The Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS) were created. This creation allowed for lobbying to become intensely focused at a federal level. Along with these creations came annual appropriations, which meant that money was now being set aside for funding of the Arts. This was something that at first many people were not aware of was happening, but once people realized the issue became a bigger one for everyone involved. At one point funding was as high as 175 million a year for the Arts in the United States, specifically Washington D. C. The culture wars of the 1980’s and 1990 have brought tension between cultures for reasons relating in back to art. With the creation of these boards, services and relations the wars were able to fade in the late 1990’s as culture and art became more intertwined with people’s everyday lives. Around this time is when the electronic boom happened and advancements in technology exploded around the world. With new creations and inventions increasing the way people interact with each other people were now able to collect information in ways they have never been able to do before. This was something that benefitted most parties involved but also left a window for people to be exposed. With this new technology at many institutions and people’s disposal more political issues were able to be handled in a quicker manor. What many people fail to realize with Art is since many people see it as such a broad topic people can relate to art in many different ways through beliefs, views, practises and talents. This idea has raised questions for future generations because the decline in people participating in some form of art is raising thanks in part to a variety of reasons. The main argument deals with technology and how people today are more interested in electronics as opposed to the Arts. There are still many people today who rely and believe heavily in the Arts. The sad reality is that number is not what it once was bringing up many questions people do not have answers for. An example would be since funding today is so great for the Arts in many cases across Canada and the United States and other parts of the world will the investments now be used and appreciated in the future. The market for art depends on the people involved wither it is paintings, religions, music or any other form of art. Depending on the audience some forms of art are enjoyed by more people with more funding going in the direction of the places or practises that are less popular to the general public but still attract guests and people associated with that form of art. This is what makes art so interesting the fact that the market depends on the people one speaks to and what he or she believes or has strong feelings for. With being so broad more people can relate in one way or another, but it is something that is not happening due to people’s interests elsewhere. This has led to organizations today being created that are either legitimate or scams which is why in some cases people have a hard time trusting certain situations. The idea of tax advantages for certain organizations was mentioned in Halls article leading to these organizations being created over night in some cases to get in on these tax advantages. With these tax advantages that were starting to be given out to certain charity groups, local museums and theatres to name a few advocacy and lobbyist groups began to appear in larger numbers. These groups are created to try and preserve Art and the many great things that it has to offer in such a variety of different ways. Through music, dance or visual displays art allows people to express themselves in ways that they would normally not be able to do. A lot of credit for art being able to survive in today’s world goes to the generous donors and government tax grants and other incentives received due to a lack of interest in some cases. The operating costs for being involved with Art can get pretty high so having generous donations for people, businesses or governments allows these places to continue to operate. The impact of new technologies has changed how the word of art is interpreted for many people. This is done in many ways, with relation to artists and artwork people can now see their work online in most cases and do not need to fly across the world to see a famous painting. Listening to famous orchestras or musicals can now be done online as well taking away from experiences people can only get when they see the art performance first hand. Although in these cases new technologies seem to have hindered certain ideas that art tries to promote it has given people a chance to hear or see things they would not normally see because they are located in other parts of the world. With these new technologies at people’s disposal it gives more people a chance to explore and find out different forms of art. This is because people can take art for what they think it is, explore it with the technologies available and find other people who feel the same way. Regardless of how people feel politics in the end have a big say in how things are run and operated within certain jurisdictions with regards to the Arts. A big issue for politicians and the topic of art is now the security of the general public due to attacks stemming from certain beliefs or practices. Again another problem with politics is actually receiving the funding from the House or the Senate. In most cases a congressmen or senators have to be connected in some way or another to a certain museum or cause to receive a generous donation. Much has changed from the early times that date back to the Greeks with regards to how people saw and interpreted art. The roles it had on everyday life and culture have changed dramatically depending on where one decides to locate. Over time there have been many difficult days, months and years involving art and culture wars with many lives being taken in the end. The federal levels involvement in art is what is keeping it alive, mainly due to money investments and donations from the government, charities or private groups. A great example that was given in Halls article was how Museums generally get about 95–97 percent of their public sector funding from local and state government. Art is still important to many people’s livelihood because they depend on art to express how they feel or provide a living. The most come perception people get when they just hear the word art is associate it with paintings, drawings or something else one would see in a museum. While many people would agree with this the media in today’s world along with the technology at people’s fingertips has managed to almost hide art and make it not as powerful and meaningful as it once was on everyday life around the world. One can see that over time people’s views and desires have begun to steer away from being so involved with art directly. This is something that will ultimately take away from the meaning of great things that have had to deal with art in the past because people will not be informed or aware due to the lack of coverage and dependency on art. How to cite Art and How It Effects the Geographical, Essay examples

Monday, May 4, 2020

Semiparametric Inference With Correlated Recurrence Time Data Statist

Questions: Part I Research Paper Annotated Bibliography This part of the assignment will consist of an annotated literature review. Sources should include published empirical research relating to the subject (e.g., peer reviewed academic articles), trade journal articles, industry reports, government reports, and/or third party information sources (e.g., Hoovers online). If sources with known bias are used (e.g., company websites), the bias must noted and the source be properly counter-balanced with other perspectives providing an alternative view.Format/OutlineI. Introduction: An explanation of the decision to be made (or problem solved or issue addressed). A description of the intended consequences of the process.II. Source List: A description of the sources of information that will be utilized in reaching the decision. (See below)III. Conclusion: A summary that ties together the sources of information to demonstrate a comprehensive covering of the relevant information. As part of the concl usion, a more formalized and specific problem statement will be developed, along with a testable hypothesis.Content/Detail:A minimum of eight sources will be researched and described. (Note: while the use of press releases and news media summaries is permitted, they will not count toward the required sources.)For each source, you will need to demonstrate the relevance of the material to the decision to be made. That is, you should determine how credible think pyramid of evidence the source is as it relates to the problem. If the source reports on primary research (e.g., an empirical study), then you will need to describe/summarize that research and provide an assessment of its results including an evaluation of the conclusions. For all secondary sources, you should identify any sources of bias and report on how the bias may affect the conclusions. I will evaluate each source (and your description of it) individually as to its relevance to the decision to be made (and your formulat ion of the decision to be made). That is, it will be evaluated as to what information it provides that will enable an informed decision to be made. I will evaluate the collective body of sources to the extent that they, as a group, are likely to provide the necessary information to make an informed decision. Part II Research DesignThis part of the assignment will consist of a description of primary, applied/empirical, research (e.g. customer or potential customer surveys) to address the specific information requirements of the situation. This is a description of applied research to be conducted to provide knowledge that will assist in the decision making for your assigned problem.You will describe: 1) the specific information to be collected (i.e., the variable(s) to be measured), 2) the relevance of the information to the decision process, and 3) the methodology by which the information will be collected (the research design). The methodology is where the researcher identifies the specific steps that will be taken to collect the information needed to answer the research questions. The design of an unbiased research methodology is the focus of the second part of this course. It is imperative that you understand, and can control, the potential sources of bias in a study.Format:I. IntroductionAn explanation of the decision to be made (or problem solved or issue addressed). An explanation as to what information will be generated and how that information would be used to assist in the decision process for the problem assigned. This section should provide a clear description of the concepts to be studied and the variables that will be measured.II. Research PlanA description of the methodology/research plan.III. ConclusionA summary that ties together the sources of information (From both Part I and Part II of this term assignment) to demonstrate a comprehensive covering of the relevant information. Note: the conclusion of the paper cannot, for obvious reasons, pres ent the results of your proposed research. But it should present a summary of how the information to be gained will inform the decision to be made. Answers: Part I: Research paper Annotated Bibliography Introduction This section of the study emphasized on assessment on past research work related to music tempo and its impact on customers food consumption. While there were several studies have been performed by research scholars, each of the study has certain limitations. At the same time, considering the specific case scenario, it is also necessary to reviewed past works to make any recommendation. Thus, this study was performed. Here, eight scholar articles have been taken into account and demonstrated the relevance of the material to the decision to be made. In other words, it can be said that this study has shown a pathway through which further study can be executed with special reference to given case scenario. Source List As mentioned above, this section of the study has analyzed a list of previous works related to the study area to help the researcher in making an informed decision. With the help of this assessment of previous works, the researcher tried to identified the existing gaps so that the current research can demonstrate the strategy that restaurant chains can adopt related to use of music. Source 1: Stroebele, N., de Castro, J. M. (2006). Listening to music while eating is related to increases in people's food intake and meal duration. Appetite, 47(3), 285-289. While considering the study executed by Stroebele and Castro (2006), it can be said that they have executed this study to understand whether listening music while eating will increase the food consumption as well as duration of the meal. According to this study finding, it has become clear that the music availability will significantly influence the food consumption as well as food intake. However, the tempo of the music did not impact that much. Again, the study method has revealed that they have considered college student as the sample of this study. So, from this point of view, it can be argued that the study was concluded based on a specific target group of people. Since, the restaurant customers not restricted in college students, whether the findings will remain same for all group of customers, cannot be said. So, further study is required considering larger sample with all groups of people. Source 2: Harrington, R.J., Ottenbacher, M.C., Staggs, A. and Powell, F.A., 2012. Generation Y Consumers Key Restaurant Attributes Affecting Positive and Negative Experiences. Journal of Hospitality Tourism Research, 36(4), pp.431-449. Again, the study executed by Harrington (2012) if taken into account, then also it can be noted that the study mainly tried to exemplify whether music in restaurants changed guest behavior in terms of food consumption or not. This study also emphasized specific tempo of the music. However, unlike the above mentioned study, this study considered two different sub studies. The first one has been conducted in a casual restaurant in Germany, while the second one performed in a simulated restaurant setting integrated with hospitality curriculum in the USA. This study has revealed that there were two different results during lunch and dinning period. Given that the menu remains same; such difference has been pointed out. While the music remains constant, the food spending during dinner was positively influenced by the age. However, during lunch time there was no such influence. Unlike the above study, though this particular study has considered different age group of people, the study did not emphasize on quality perception, satisfaction, even consumption pattern. So, further study might put light on such areas. Source 3: Jacob, C., Guguen, N., Boulbry, G. (2010). Effects of songs with prosocial lyrics on tipping behavior in a restaurant. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 29(4), 761-763. While considering the study executed by Jacob, Gueguen and Boulbry (2010), it can be said that the study was performed to test the effect of songs with prosocial lyrics on tipping behavior of the customers. For this purpose a sample of 786 customers was considered fewer than 3 conditions. The experiment was conducted for 6 weeks twice a day, 3 kind of background music (prosocial lyrics, neutral lyrics and baseline conditions) were played. According to the study findings, it can be argued that playing songs with prosocial lyrics caused greater helping behavior of customers. At the same time, the study also revealed that the average rate of customers tipping the waiters is more when songs with prosocial lyrics are played compared to when songs with neutral lyrics are played. This experiment was conducted under natural setting where customers were exposed to many other events. Later studies have found that listening to songs with prosicial lyrics not only increase helping tendency of cu stomers but also gives birth to a prosocial feeling in them. But these studies were performed under laboratory conditions where customers were solely under the influence of the songs not under any other events unlike this study. So, from this point of view, it has become clear that further study needs to be conducted with considering the nature setting. Source 4: Demoulin, N. T. (2011). Music congruency in a service setting: The mediating role of emotional and cognitive responses. Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, 18(1), 10-18. While considering the research done by Demoulin (2011), it can be explained that the aim of this study was to understand the music congruency in a service setting. According to the findings made by the author, the shopping behavior is affected by store atmosphere. In order to perform this study, the author has integrated a model, which assumed that customers emotions influence their shopping behavior. According to their Stimulus-Organism-Response (SOR) Model, the atmosphere is the stimulus (S) that provokes consumers evaluations (O) and causes behavioral responses (R). A focus group was used made up of six regular customers of the restaurant and the non-congruent music was played by a well known French radio station. The author has implemented seven-point semantic differential scale to measure emotional responses to the environment. The data was analyzed using Smart PLS version 2.0.M3 in two stages- Measurement and Structural Model. The conclusion drawn was that a congruency between music and the service atmosphere improves customer perceptions of the service environment and service quality in a catering setting. The managerial implication from this study is the crucial importance of congruency between music and service scape atmosphere. Few limitations of the study were the experiment was conducted in a single fast food restaurant; music is a complex stimulus that may differ in several aspects, in the study the type of music and volume was considered but not the tempo, familiarity and liking. Thus it can be concluded that customers positive evaluation of environment quality and service quality increases their intention to return to the restaurant. Source 5: Eroglu, S. A., Machleit, K. A., Chebat, J. C. (2005). The interaction of retail density and music tempo: Effects on shopper responses. Psychology Marketing, 22(7), 577-589. From the study conducted by Eroglu, Machleit, Chebat (2005), it can be said that they have analyzed the context to examine the impact of two retail atmospheric cues: density and music on shoppers responses. For this study a sample of 347 respondents were considered belonging to the age group of 23-54. The data was collected in two waves via intercept method. The density was determined by considering the time of the day when the interview took place and was categorized into high and low density. The music was calibrated by the experts of Muzak. Hedonic and utilitarian evaluations are measured by Likert format. The utilitarian evaluations were measured by I accomplished what I wanted to on this shopping trip, I couldnt buy what I really needed, while shopping I just found the item I was looking for. This study reveals two important findings firstly it was conducted in actual mall setting therefore the external validity of the findings surpasses all literature observed till date. Second ly, the study also reveals that it takes work on atmospheric effect on retail environment in a new direction. This study has many limitations like no measure of perceived crowding was taken into study. Another limitation is as although the study was conducted in actual setting there still exist a number of contaminators from sources unavoidable. Therefore from the above findings, it is advisable to conduct more studies on the given topic while taking a note on the limitations. Source 6: Ryu, K., Han, H. (2011). New or repeat customers: How does physical environment influence their restaurant experience?. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 30(3), 599-611. While considering the research conducted by Kisang Ryu and Heesup hun (2011), it was researched that essentiality of creation and maintenance a distinctive atmosphere to growth and enhanced the attention towards hospitality managers and experts. It is also considering several essential factors to attract a satisfied the targeted customers to monitor their financial performance through their income and market issued share in the hospitality industry. The main objectives behind the study were (1) to enhance the effects of customers perception at the time of their dining experiences as per the environment in the restaurant premises, (2) observation of different reactions and influences on the disconfirmation on the customer satisfaction level, (3) for investigating the moderate effect as per the previous experiences which is linking with the physical environment. The overall methodology used in the research is questionnaire methodologies to develop on the basis of extant literature to e xamine the accurate relationship between quality of the environment and satisfaction level of customer through create research plan with more than four hundred fifty customers at a 3 upscale restaurants. The actual study behind the two step approaches to evaluate validity to test different hypothesis test. The result was, about 54.0% of the participants were male (n = 161), and 46.0% were female (n = 137). Their mean age was 37.82 years old. The limitation of the study was since the data was collected from 3 upscale restaurants in Korea the result could not be generalized. Thus, it can be concluded that the present study revealed that the proposed model could be properly assumed actual perception of customers by considering their loyalty and implying customers satisfaction in the hospitality industries is highly exclusive. Source 7: Fang, Z. (2015). The Study on the Effect of Background Music on Customer Waiting Time in Restaurant. Open Cybernetics Systemics Journal, 9, 2163-2167. While the above mentioned studies have emphasized on music tempo and its influence on food consumption or meal duration, the study performed by Fang (2015), mainly considered the effect of such music tempo on customer waiting time. In order to perform this study, the author had employed experimental design, where the author randomly picked large restaurant and observed its customers average waiting time. According to the study findings, it can be said that the music has significantly influence the average waiting time of customers. As concluded by the author, it was noted that the slow tempo normally influence customers to wait more time. Whereas, in case of high tempo music shorten the average waiting period. However, the study itself revealed that the study was performed based on school restaurants. Hence, how the customer will responds outside the school restaurant cannot be predicted from this study. At the same time, it is also noted that the study mainly considered randomized e xperimental design. So, there was certain biasness in data employed. Moreover, the study did not take into account the gender aspect. So, in future such aspects need to be taken into account. Source 8: Mandila, M., Gerogiannis, V. (2012). The effects of music on customer behavior and satisfaction in the region of Larissathe cases of two coffe bars. In International conference on contemporary marketing issues (ICCMI). Finally, the study performed by Madila and Gerogiannis (2012) considered the overall satisfaction level related to music. In this study, they have considered four music types. They have also considered a week observation where no music had been played. According to their findings, it can be argued that each of the music type has different influence. Though the study has revealed that the overall satisfaction did not largely influence by the type of music, gender specifications as well as volume of the music are necessary aspects. Conclusion From the above study, it has become clear that there was overall positive influence of music on customers behavior in restaurants. Each of the study has shown a specific aspect, while some important aspects have been ignored. So, it can be said that whether to continue with the decision in the given context, there is requiring consideration of tempo of music, waiting time, food intake, gender specifications as the major variables. In other words, it can be concluded that the research work needs to be performed to understand whether the tempo of music influence the customer behavior in restaurant. Here, the customer behavior can be measured through meal duration, food intake, and waiting time. At the same time another aspect needs to be verified that the influence of tempo of the music differs between male and female customers. Therefore, below two hypotheses will be considered: Hypothesis 1: Tempo of music has no significant influence on customer behavior in restaurant environment; Hypothesis 2: The influence of tempo of the music does not differ in between male and female customers Part II: Research Design Introduction This section of the study has exemplified the research plan that will be employed to execute this research work. Since, Restaurant in West Warwick RI wants to whether they can continue the existing style of music or any faster tempo needs to be adopted that will impact the profit margin, the spending details also considered here along with the above mentioned variables. Research Plan Nature of the data As discussed in the above section, most of the studies related to this area of work were mainly considered the spending time. At the same time, they have also considered food intake, type of foods etc, while performing these research work. However, the limitations of these studies has shown that tempo of background music, waiting time, food intake, gender specifications are major aspects that needs to be taken into consideration (Turabian Williams, 2013). On the other hand, considering the hypotheses set in the above section, it has become clear that the researcher will have to collect primary data to reach into a meaningful conclusion. From this point of view, it can be said that the researcher will either have to observe or ask questions to the customer to obtain information for this research work. While considering the first hypothesis, it can be said that the researcher will intended to assess the behavior changes in terms of waiting time, spending time, food consumption, etc due to the background music (Wang, 2010). So for this hypothesis, the major information will be associated to customers behavioral pattern. On the other hand, if the second hypothesis is taken into account here, then it can be said that the study will divide the entire sample into two groups based on gender specification (Wang Gelfand, 2013). Therefore the same information will be used for second hypothesis. Only the analysis tool will be different to find meaningful conclusion. Population and Sampling The customer of The 1149 Restaurant is the population for this study. Here, the researcher will consider a specific sample that will represent the entire population. The sample for this study will be collected from the population on the basis of two specific conditions. The selection of sample will consider customers who visit the restaurant from 4 pm to 7 pm. According to the employees of this restaurant, this is one of busiest time of The 1149 Restaurant in West Warwick RI. This is the reason; the researcher will consider this time frame. This will enable the researcher to diversify the sample (Yamaguchi, 2013). In this context, it is also noted that the slow working environment of the restaurant is during their operational period 26th to 30th in a month, whereas it is highly efficiently working at the first week of month from 2nd to 6th of a particular month (Su Wang, 2010). The researcher expect that considering samples from each period will provide rational to conclude whether volume of the music and tempo will directly impact on the customers behavior or not. The overall research will consider 250 visitors of the restaurant every week for two week period. The primary objective behind this research study is to assess the average time spent by the customers at the venue by following two different conditions. The management of the organization is not able to collect feedback of the entire customers at a same time (Sieber Tolich, 2013). So the researcher will have to collect data from the samples and thus needs to select a specific sampling method. In specific, random sampling technique will be utilized to collect feedback from the selected customer at the time of their billing processed activities. Research instrument There are different types of research methods available that are followed by the researchers at the time of research study. Taken for example questionnaire methods, observation methods, survey, interviews and other methods are employed to collect information from the target segment of people (Salaberry Comajoan, 2013). The method that will be used here for The 1149 Restaurant, is direct collection of feedback from the customers who have been spending time for longer period of time. At the same time, the researcher will also target to collect feedback from those customers who are leaving early from the restaurant. This will help the researcher to understand the time spading aspects. It is also the fact that the restaurant management also keeps records of spending duration at the venue (Platt Harper, 2013). So, these data will also be adopted here. There are also several difficulties faced by the restaurant management at the time of one group is divided in several parts due to differ ent sections and improper response of the customers. Most of time customers do not want to provide feedback or if they do, that is also not appropriate (Yang Furnham, 2015). Hence, the researcher aims to use closed ended questionnaire, where the respondents only needs to select the best fitted option among the available ones. There are several issues behind selection of survey methods is to understand the right time for feedback and selection of the customer as per their spending time and behavior (Pryor, 2012). The survey method is also at the time of winter weather when at the departure time customers putting on their winter jackets. The restaurant attendant can easily go to table to and ask for the valuable feedback of the customers. As per these methodologies, the overall research study can be completed by the restaurant authorities to evaluate their research processes. The survey method would be done by selection of questionnaire techniques for collection of research data. Research techniques As mentioned above, the research techniques that will be used by the researcher is closed ended questionnaire. However, the researcher will consider demographics parameters prior to collect essential information (Morrison, 2012). Four different types of music will be applied (pop jazz classical and country) while collect data from the sample. These all selected songs will be automatically shuffle and randomly selected by the managerial staff of the venue to understand the fluctuation of mood of the customers as per the tempo of the music and songs. The questionnaire technique is one of most preferable way to collect most genuine response from the restaurant visitors within research period of time. The songs are used by the restaurant authorities is well fully mixed and layout by the music specialist company to pleased the mood of the visiting customers at that point of time. The selection of the music is also several range and beats as per the modern trends and majority of the customers (Lott Antony, 2012). The management staffs of the organization can easily stored all the details about the songs and music at the time of collecting feedback from the customers for better observation. As per the Kuada (2013) musical features and tempo always creating compound affect on the mood of the visitors. And the questionnaire method is one of most relevant way to collect direct face to face review and reaction of the visitors. The playlists used by the restaurant management with two specific conditions like higher volume and lower volume of the background music will be direct providing impact on the behavior and spending duration of the venue. In this context, it can be said that there will be no incentives for the participants. Data analysis approach As mentioned in the above section, the study will consider two specific hypotheses. In order to perform the hypothesis tests, the researcher will use multiple regression analysis for first hypothesis (Clark, 2013). On the other hand, to perform the second hypothesis test, the researcher will employ independent sample t test. While considering the independent sample t test, male and female customer group will be two different groups. Shortcomings of research design In the overall research study, the researcher has been faced higher amount of risk and difficulties while collection of database and feedback of the customer due to their ignorance and some other reasons. There are several factors which will support the restaurant management to minimize the risk to reduce survey errors and its effect on the several variables used by the organization (Chandra Sharma, 2013). There are few precautions which are required to manage by the organization to reduce the survey errors of the organization. The timing of the feedback should be proper and selection of customers whom they are selected for the provide feedback will be directly affected by some external factors like day of visits, holidays, occasion and some other professional or personal meetings of the visitors (Biddle Emmett, 2013). The customers should be genuine and present at least for a while at the time of operation and stay till the end of the scenarios need to be considered by the organization and generated accurate results to obtained better evaluation outcomes. The numbers of observations were required for collection of database by using survey method which is directly providing impact on the research survey (Annafari, 2013). These activities will be observing the researchers as per the given conditions and it should be hypothetical in nature. The survey period of the organization should be based on the minimizing the effects of timing and fluctuation of mood of the customers as per the days and occasions celebrated by the customers. The research design processes need to be error free but sometimes it is possible to the customers not to provide proper idea about a particular scenario which is directly impact on the research process of the organization (Alvesson Sandberg, 2013). Conclusion Thus to conclude, it can be said that this study has revealed the process of executing a research work in a clearer way. As discussed in the first part of this study, there is requiring assessment of existing research work prior to consider the research questions and hypotheses of the study. At the same time, the study has also demonstrated the detail framework for executing the research work that will enable whether to follow the existing style of music or to use higher tempo for better profitability margin. 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